Surrounded by significant buildings such as Saint Basil's Chatedral and Lenin's Mausoleum, the Red Square is considered the central point of Moscow, and also the entire Russia. It was originally Moscow's leading marketplace, but throughout history it has become more important as a ceremonial venue. It was occationally used for coronation of Russia's Tsars. Later it has also been used by all of Russia's governments for ceremonial purposes.
Saint Basil's Cathedral
Saint Basil's Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox church, built on the Red Square in Moscow. The name is derived from Vasil the Blessed. He died during the construction of the church, and was buried on the site. When the church was consecrated in 1561 it was known as the Trinity Church. Later the official Russian name of the church became Church of Intercession on the Moat, while Temple of Basil the Blessed was generally accepted. Even though the western translation of the name suggest otherwise, the church is not actually a cathedral. The church's arcitecture is inspired by Byzantine tradition, which makes it unique in Russia. No other building from the millennium has similar architecture within the Russian borders. It is not known who the arcithects were. During it's time it has been more or less rebuilt several times. The last major renovation was completed in 2008.