The South Pole lies on a windswept icy plateau on the continent of Antarctica, at an altitude of 2.835 metres above the sea. The ice at this point is estimated to be about 2.700 metres thick, and is moving at a speed of ten metres a year. At the point of the pole, a sign post is planted. It is moved ten metres on every new year's eve, to keep up with the ice flow. Marked on the sign are the dates on which the two first explorers reached the pole, and a quote from each. The first person to reach the pole was Roald Amundsen on December 14, 1911. Robert F. Scott reached the pole about a month later. Close to the pole is the United States Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. It was established in 1956 and is permanently staffed. During the winter, from March to September, the place recieves no sun. In the summer, from September to Marh, there is constant sunlight, but at a very low angle. The climate is to harsh for any creature to permanetly reside there, but one can occationally spot skuas in the area.